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A La Carte

July 21, 2012

See also: Tier, Tiering

CIMM DEFINITION: Refers to a model for cable companies to allow subscribers to select to which television channels, pay tv, specialty channels they would like to have access. This is in opposition to the large package deals currently prevalent in American cable deals, which often result in consumers paying for additional channels irrelevant to their interests. (Source: www.wikipedia.org)

A/P Meter

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A meter that monitors a television set by examining the content of what is watched, independent of the delivery path or tuning mechanism. The meter reads an active code embedded in a television audio or video signal that uniquely identifies the program content. In the absence of an active code, it develops an event signature through video pattern definition and recognition that is then matched to a database of signatures taken during the same time period at reference sites for each and every channel for which Nielsen generates ratings. (Source: Nielsen)

NOTE – Stands for Active / Passive meter.

CIMM DEFINITION: Founded in 1917, it is the national trade association representing the advertising agency business in the United States. (Source: IAB)

CIMM DEFINITION: A research initiative formed by the 4A’s and BlackArrow, launched in March 2011 and created to measure the impact of advanced advertising within free video on demand (VOD) television programming. (Source: www.blackarrow.tv)

Abandonment

July 21, 2012

CIMM Definition: When a user leaves a shopping cart with something in it prior to completing the transaction. (Source IAB)

Abort

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: when a Web server does not successfully transfer a unit of content or ad to a browser. This is usually caused by a user hitting the stop button or clicking on another link prior to the completion of a download. (Source: IAB)

Access Network

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION : An electronic signal transmission segue point from the home to the access point in a signal.

2: A network that connects directly to an end user or customer. Made up of high-speed lines between major switching points. (Source: PC Mag.com)

Accumulated Reach

July 21, 2012

See also: Reach

CIMM DEFINITION: The total number of homes, Set-Top Boxes  or individuals, which can be expressed in thousands or as a percentage, who have viewed at least once within a specific program or period of time aggregated across time or across individual pieces of content. Accumulated Reach can sometimes be higher than the Cume audience because it is based on a long term audience estimate, not with base minute minimums.

NOTE – Common usage to date has had both Cume and Accumulated Reach as interchangeable. In both cases there can be a minimum tuning duration or not. (Source: TRA

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See also: Watermarking, Fingerprinting 

CIMM DEFINITION: A code technology that enables a content user to synchronize content retrieval across several platforms and interact with TV programming from their mobile or tablet computers.

Activity Audit

July 21, 2012

See also: Count Audit

CIMM DEFINITION: An independent verification of measured activity for a specified time period. Some of the key metrics validated are ad impressions, page impressions, clicks, total visits and unique users. An activity audit results in a report verifying the metrics. Formerly known as a count audit. (Source: IAB)

Ad / Advertisement

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A commercial message targeted to an advertiser‘s customer or prospect. Ad audience – the number of unique users exposed to an ad within a specified time period. (Source: IAB)

Ad Avails

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Advertising spots available to an advertiser, national broadcaster,  cable operator or other seller of advertising time to insert advertising on a television  network, whether cable or broadcast.

Ad Banner

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A graphic image or other media object used as an advertisement. See iab.net for voluntary guidelines for banner ads. (Source: IAB)

Ad Blocker

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION : Software on a user‘s browser which prevents advertisements from being displayed. (Source: IAB)

Ad Bot

July 21, 2012

See also: Spybot

CIMM DEFINITION: A form of spyware that collects information about the computer user’s online behavior in order to display targeted advertisements in the Web browser. (Source: dictionary.reference.com)

Ad Campaign

July 21, 2012

See also: Family

CIMM DEFINITION: A collection of a messages from and advertiser or client that is designed to run during a specific interval and /  or within a set of media outlets.

Ad Campaign Audit

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: An activity audit for a specific ad campaign. (Source: IAB)

Ad Centric Measurement

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: An audience measurement derived from a third-party ad server’s own server logs. (Source: IAB)

Ad Click-Throughs

July 21, 2012

See also: Click Throughs, Clicks, In-Unit Clicks, Mouseovers

CIMM DEFINITION: The act of clicking on an online ad which is linked to more information on the advertised product or advertiser.

Ad Code

July 21, 2012

See also: Ad-ID, Ad Tags, Data About Data, Metadata, Program Code, Watermark

CIMM DEFINITION: Unique identifiers that are added to ads that make them easier to track and measure. Also known as an Ad-ID code.

2: Twelve digit identifiers that an advertising agency places on their advertising inventory (as watermarks and metadata). This will replace ISCI. The identifiers are available from www.ad-id-org. (Source: AAAA).

NOTE – This should be extended to include each unique ad version. Visible World’s system automatically assigns a unique ISCI or Ad-ID to each unique video version created and ordered for distribution. (Source: Visible World)

NOTE – Local ads can have ad codes. The practice is just further developed nationally. (Source: TRA)

Ad Content

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Content provided by advertisers.

Ad Delivered

July 21, 2012

See also: Ad Display

CIMM DEFINITION: As with an ad display, it is when the ad is offered for consumption on a delivery platform.

Ad Display

July 21, 2012

See also: Ad Delivered

CIMM DEFINITION: When an ad is successfully displayed on the user’s computer screen. (Source: IAB)

Ad Download

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: When an ad is downloaded by a server to a user‘s browser. Ads can be requested, but aborted or abandoned before actually being downloaded to the browser, and hence there would be no opportunity to see the ad by the user. (Source: IAB)

Ad Exchange

July 21, 2012

See also: Real Time Bidding

CIMM DEFINITION: A marketplace creation technology platform designed to facilitate the buying, selling and tracking of advertising inventory from multiple network sources.

Ad Impression

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: An ad which is served to a user‘s browser. Ads can be requested by the user‘s browser (referred to as pulled ads) or they can be pushed, such as e-mailed ads. (Source: IAB)

2: A measurement of responses from an ad delivery system to an ad request from the user’s browser, which is filtered from robotic activity and is recorded at a point as late as possible in the process of delivery of the creative material to the user’s browser — therefore closest to the actual opportunity to see by the user. Two methods are used to deliver ad content to the user – a) server-initiated and b) client-initiated. Server-initiated ad counting uses the publisher’s Web content server for making requests, formatting and re-directing content. Client-initiated ad counting relies on the user’s browser to perform these activities. For organizations that use a server-initiated ad counting method, counting should occur subsequent to the ad response at either the publisher’s ad server or the Web content server. For organizations using a client-initiated ad counting method, counting should occur at the publisher’s ad server or third-party ad server, subsequent to the ad request, or later, in the process. See iab.net for ad campaign measurement guidelines. (Source: IAB)

Ad Impression Ratio

July 21, 2012

See also: Click Rate

CIMM DEFINITION: Calculated by click-throughs divided by ad impressions. (Source: IAB)

Ad Insertion

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: When an ad is inserted in a document and recorded by the ad server. (Source: IAB)

Ad Materials

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The creative artwork, copy, active URLs and active target sites which are due to the seller prior to the initiation of the ad campaign. (Source: IAB)

Ad Network

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: An aggregator or broker of advertising inventory for many sites. Ad networks are the sales representatives for the Web sites within the network. (Source: IAB)

Ad Occurrence Data

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Data points that indicate when an ad has aired as-run as opposed to when a program or other content has aired.

2: Includes metadata. (Source: TIVO)

NOTE – What is the finest level of granularity desirable to report ad occurrence – one second, 5 seconds or more. (Source: TRA)

Ad Recall

July 21, 2012


CIMM DEFINITION: A measure of advertising effectiveness in which a sample of respondents is exposed to an ad and then at a later point in time is asked if they remember the ad. Ad recall can be on an aided or unaided basis. Aided ad recall is when the respondent is told the name of the brand or category being advertised. (Source: IAB)

Ad Request

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITIN: The request for an advertisement as a direct result of a user’s action as recorded by the ad server. Ad requests can come directly from the user‘s browser or from an intermediate Internet resource, such as a Web content server. (Source: IAB)

Ad Retention Index

July 21, 2012

See Also: Commercial Viewership Index

CIMM DEFINITION: The ratio of commercial viewing average audience to total program viewing average audience. (Source: Rentrak)

NOTE – This is not recommended as a general industry term because this ratio is reflective of not just pure ad retention but also the program audience trend from beginning to end may be increasing or decreasing as at the beginning or end of prime time. TRA for that reason calls this the Commercial Rating index (CRI) – the index to the average program rating – which is what is clearly is. Ad retention should be measured against the base of homes that start the commercial. (Source: TRA)

Ad Serving

July 21, 2012

See also: Redirect, Latency

CIMM DEFINITION: The delivery of ads by a server to an end user’s computer on which the ads are then displayed by a browser and/or cached. Ad serving is normally performed either by a Web publisher or by a third-party ad server. Ads can be embedded in the page or served separately. (Source: IAB)

Ad Skipping

July 21, 2012

See also: Commercial Avoidance, Trick Play, Measured Ad Skipping

CIMM DEFINITION: The act of fast forwarding (or skipping ahead as on TIVO) and therefore not completely viewing an ad. It is one possible result of a viewer using the trick play mode of DVRs and other recording devices.

NOTE – There are other forms of commercial avoidance such mental tune-out, conversation, other activities e.g. reading, using a phone or a computer device.  (Source: TRA)

Ad Space

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The location on a page of a site in which an advertisement can be placed. Each space on a site is uniquely identified. Multiple ad spaces can exist on a single page. Ad stream- the series of ads displayed by the user during a single visit to a site (also impression stream). (Source: IAB)

Ad Tags

July 21, 2012

See also: Ad Codes, Ad-ID

CIMM DEFINITION: Unique identifier for an online ad that indicates to the advertiser that their ad has run.

Ad Transfers

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The successful display of an advertiser’s Web site after the user clicked on an ad. When a user clicks on an advertisement, a click-through is recorded and re-directs or “transfers” the user’s browser to an advertiser’s Web site. If the user successfully displays the advertiser’s Web site, an ad transfer is recorded. (Source: IAB)

Ad View

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: When the ad is actually seen by the user. Note this is not measurable today. The best approximation today is provided by ad displays. (Source: IAB)

Ad Widgets

July 21, 2012

See also: Widgets

CIMM DEFINITION: The same definition as Widgets.

2: A suite of EBIF enhancement products designed specifically to be used with spot ads. These enhancements may include RFI, Polling, VOD Telescoping, Click-to-call. (Source: FourthWall Media)

3: A product from FourthWall Media that provides an end-to-end system to create, deliver and measure the interactive enhancements with linear spot advertising. (Source: FourthWall Media)

Ad Zone

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A coverage area of television homes that can be served targeted advertising via a server by a multi-channel operator.

2: The area reserved by a site owner for third party advertisements placed by an ad serving company. (Source: Nielsen)

Ad-ID

July 21, 2012

See also: Ad Code, Ad Tags

CIMM DEFINITION: Ad-ID upgrades the previous ISCI commercial coding system and replaces other methods used to identify advertising assets. Ad-ID is the industry standard identifier for all forms of media.  Developed by the American Association of Advertising Agencies (4A’s) and the Association of National Advertisers, Inc. (ANA). (Source: IAB)

Address

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A unique identifier for a computer or site online, usually a URL for a Web site or marked with an @ for an e-mail address. Literally, it is how one computer finds the location of another computer using the Internet. (Source: IAB)

 

Addressability

July 21, 2012

See also: Advanced Advertising

CIMM DEFINITION: The ability of an operator or provider to direct specific content to specific geographies or audiences.

2: “The ability of a digital device to individually respond to a message sent to many similar devices. Examples include pagers, mobile phones, and Set-Top Boxes for pay TV. Computer networks are also addressable, such as via the MAC address on Ethernet network cards, and similar networking protocols like Bluetooth. This allows data to be sent in cases where it is impractical (or impossible, such as with wireless devices) to control exactly where or to which devices the message is physically sent.” (Source: Wikipedia)

3: “Functionality that enables the delivery of targeted content by allowing a cable operator (or multichannel operator) to remotely activate, disconnect or unscramble the signal received by a subscriber.” (Source: Nielsen Media Research)

CIMM DEFINITION: Video commercial units targeted to an audience.

CIMM DEFINITION: The percent of the total time spent tuned to the ad of the total duration of the ad. (Source: Kantar Media Services)

Addressable Advertising

July 21, 2012

See also: Advanced Advertising, Versioning

CIMM DEFINITION: Advertising that is directed to specific geographies or audiences to increase its relevance.

2: “An advertisement sent to a specific home, Set-Top Box or geography.” (Source: Nielsen Media Research)

3: “Specific video advertisements that target a set of audiences, homes, or Set-Top Boxes. Such targeting can be based on viewer information including thematic, geography, demographic, and /or behavioral data. Such targeting techniques can be applied to various video services including broadcast, SDV, DVR, and /or VOD program channels.”  (Source: BigBand Networks)

4: “An advertisement or interactive enhancement that is presented to a specific subset of STBs in the universe/footprint. Alternatively, a collection of advertisements or enhancements that are broadcast to the universe/footprint, from which a single advertisement and/or enhancement is individually selected and presented to each STB.” (Source: FourthWall Media)

NOTE – “There is a broad spectrum of addressability mechanisms. On one end is the Canoe CAAS architecture that selects a specific advertisement for every STB at each placement opportunity and inserts the chosen ad or enhancement into a custom stream for each STB. At the other end is the AdWidgets system from FourthWall Media, which embeds (binds) EBIF enhancements into spot ads, which are then broadcast to an entire footprint or zone, and once executing on the STB the EBIF enhancement makes a decision about whether or not to present itself on the current STB. (Source: FourthWall Media)

NOTE We define addressable advertising as the use of data sets to enable more targeted matches between messages and audiences than takes place in the current environment.  Addressable advertising can therefore occur at the national, regional, market, neighborhood, household, or individual level.” (Source: Visible World)

NOTE – Addressable Advertising allows for multi-advertiser spots and is the foundation for interactivity. (Source: Invidi)

Addressable Frequency

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The average number of exposures per reached household. (Source: Kantar Media Services)

Addressable Impressions

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The projected number of valid ad deliveries for the specified criteria, expressed in thousands (000). (Source: Kantar Media Services)

CIMM DEFINITON: Also known as the Target Rating Points, it is the impressions per 100 target universe households. (Source: Kantar Media Services)

Addressable Reach

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The projected cumulative number of unique target households receiving an ad. (Source: Kantar Media Services)

CIMM DEFINITION: The total base of the defined campaign target defined by various criteria. (Source: Kantar Media Services)

CIMM DEFINITION: A CableLabs standard defining the metadata schema, and propagation standard of On-Demand content. The most common standard in use is ADI 1.1. ADI 2.0 is published.

 

CIMM DEFINITION: The Ad Management Service defines messages in support of ad insertion activities. The primary user of these messages is an Ad Decision Service (ADS). The message interfaces exposed by an ADM allow for both preconfigured ad decisions as well as real-time fulfillment models. An ADM implementation may incorporate some simple ad selection rules (ex. ad rotations) but more complex ad decisions are the responsibility of an ADS.

NOTE – There is another definition for ADM in SCTE130.  We need to separate the two.  Also, why does this have to be SaaS.  Most of the operators that we work with require that the systems be in their domain and managed internally. ADS is inconsistent with SCTE130. (Source: Invidi)

 

ADM abbr Ad Manager

July 21, 2012

See Also: Ad Decision Manager

CIMM DEFINITION: A system that allows the user to manage commercial inventory – loading, scheduling, selling, processing, delivering, measuring – via a SaaS application. Originally coined by Google, the term now extends to Set-Top Box data measurement in the addressable advertising realm.

2: A server based application owned by the operator; interacts with the Media Services Platform (abbr MSP) to determine information about the real-time opportunity; interacts with the ADS to choose ads. (Source: BigBand Networks)

3: A software or hardware component within the cable’s CAAS system with SCTE-130 conformed interfaces. Its primary function is to be broker between ad decision system, ad inventory system, and ad delivery system. Typically, the ADMs are provided by linear ad insertion or VOD system vendors. (Source: FourthWall Media)

 

See also: Advanced Advertising

(Same acronym for Alternate Delivery System)

CIMM DEFINITION: Part of the addressable advertising application framework that loads, feeds out, traffics and tracks delivered and aired addressable ads.

2: A third party Graphic User Interface (abbr GUI) and client side app that advertisers and ad agencies use to manage their campaigns and place orders in real-time. (Source: BigBand Networks)

3: Determines how advertising content is combined with non-advertising (i.e. entertainment) content assets. The decisions made by ADS may be straightforward (i.e. specific ad content placed at a specific time in a specific asset) or arbitrarily complex (based on subscriber data, advertising zone, etc.,).

(Same acronym for Ad Decision Servers)

CIMM DEFINITION: Used in both local and national arenas, it refers to signals delivered by means other than via cable and over-the-air, such as satellite and Telco.

See also: Digital Subscriber Line, High Speed DSL, Symmetric DSL, Very High-Speed DSL

CIMM DEFINITION: A type of DSL that provides T1 rates or higher in the downstream (towards the customer) direction and 64 KBPS or higher in the upstream direction. (Source: itvt.com/glossary)

Advanced Advertising

July 21, 2012

See also: Addressable Advertising, Interactive Advertising, Customized Advertising, Dynamic Advertising, In-Navigation Video Ads

CIMM DEFINITION: A range of advertising solutions designed to leverage the interactive nature of digital Set-Top Boxes  and enhance the value of TV by offering, for example, request for information, polling and trivia , Telescoping, Ad-Versioning Dynamic Advertising and T-commerce applications via the television through the use of the Remote Control.

NOTE – “Advanced TV Advertising capabilities should include Addressable Advertising, Interactive Advertising, Customized Advertising, Dynamic Advertising, and Measurement. Addressable Advertising would include TV ad targeting based on geographic, viewer or household segment attributes. Interactive Advertising would include things like the use of polls and voting mechanisms but these do not have to be addressable. Customized Advertising entails the ability to efficiently and automatically customize video in real or near-real-time so that the ads can be made more relevant to each of the targeted segment(s) of viewers Dynamic Advertising would entail the ability to update the content of an ad in real-time or near-real-time basis based on automated data feeds (e.g. changes in local TV ads based on local weather conditions or inventory data). Measurement would include the ability to obtain census level campaign metrics based on STB data.” (Source: Visible World)

See also: Set-Top Box

CIMM DEFINITION: Same as Advanced Set-Top Boxes

 

Advanced Encoding

July 21, 2012

See also: Encoding, Decoding

CIMM DEFINITION: A form of encoding that delivers files that are of higher quality and  resolution and are smaller in size.

Advanced Graphics

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Visual content that uses advanced technology capabilities that provide a higher quality graphic. Examples include dynamic functions, high definition and 3D.

Advanced Set-Top Boxes

July 21, 2012

See also: All-In-One Set-Top Box, Digital Set-Top Box, Enhanced Set-Top Box, Integrated Set-Top Box, Set-Top Box

CIMM DEFINITION: Set-Top Boxes  that are considered “fully integrated” with good processors, ample memory and optional large hard drives. These boxes have more advanced features and are more likely to be integrated with such services as DVRs, high-speed internet access, interactive TV, digital video recording and gaming. (Source: itvdictionary.com)

NOTE – Other terms for Advanced Set-Top Boxes  are Advanced Digital Set-Top Boxes, Smart TV Set-Top Box, Thick Boxes, All-In-One Set-Top Box, Media Center.

NOTE – These boxes may or may not have connected back paths. This should be noted; only satellite has digital STBs that are often not connected to upstream paths. (Source: TRA)

Advergaming

July 21, 2012

See also: Branded Content, Spotlights, Sponsorship, Sweepstakes, Content & Section Sponsorships

CIMM DEFINITION: A type of sponsorship that can range from an advertiser buying all the ad units around a game or a “sponsored by” link to creating a custom branded game experience. (Source: IAB)

Advertainment

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Entertainment that blurs the line between advertising and content.

 

Advertiser

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The company paying for the advertisement. (Source: IAB)

Affiliate Marketing

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: An agreement between two sites in which one site (the affiliate) agrees to feature content or an ad designed to drive traffic to another site. In return, the affiliate receives a percentage of sales or some other form of compensation generated by that traffic. (Source: IAB)

Affinity Marketing

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The selling of products or services to customers on the basis of their established buying patterns. The offer can be communicated by e-mail promotions, online or offline advertising. (Source: IAB)

Aggregation Server

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A system that enables the joining / combining of various large datasets on an aggregate and de-identified basis.

CIMM DEFINITION: Building, programming and / or engineering computers so they can better understand human intelligence, whether observable or computational.

All-In-One Set-Top Box

July 21, 2012

See also: Advanced Set-Top Box, Digital Set-Top Box, Enhanced Set-Top Box, Integrated Set-Top Box, Set-Top Box

CIMM DEFINITION: Set-Top Boxes that have more advanced features and are more likely to be integrated with such services as DVRs, high-speed internet access, interactive TV, digital video recording and gaming.

Alternate Text

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A word or phrase that is displayed when a user has image loading disabled in their browser or when a user abandons a page by hitting “stop” in their browser prior to the transfer of all images. Also appears as ―balloon text‖ when a user lets their mouse rest over an image. (Source: IAB)

Always On App

August 30, 2012

See also Super App

CIMM DEFINITION: An application that is always actively operating behind the scenes to monitor, react to events, push notifications and/or share information or data with other applications.

CIMM DEFINITION: The TRA report most similar to traditional ratings reports.

NOTE – This should be defined as the report that shows which ad variant has been shown to which target audience segment.  This report can and should be generated by any provider/enabler of advanced advertising. (Source: Visible World)

(Same acronym for Audience Measurement Service)

CIMM DEFINITION: Manages database library of VOD Assets and associated metadata.

See also: Data Logging Software

(Same acronym for Audience Management System)

CIMM DEFINITION: AMS is an acronym for “Audience Measurement Service”. All processors of Set-Top Box data offer an AMS interface for their data delivery. A type of data logging software.

 

CIMM DEFINITION: A media business organization that works as an open, community-driven forum. It focuses on the creation of timely, innovative, business-driven specifications and technologies for networked media workflows for both general business purposes as well as for technical committees. (Source: www.amwa.tv)

CIMM DEFINITION: The Association of National Advertisers leads the marketing community by providing its members insights, collaboration and advocacy. The ANA strives to promote and protect all advertisers and marketers. See ana.net for more information. (Source: IAB)

Analog Set-Top Box

July 21, 2012

See also: Set-Top Box, Digital Set-Top Box, Cable Converter, TV Converter Box

CIMM DEFINITION: Similar to a cable converter box, it is an older form of Set-Top Box that converts over-the-air digital TV broadcasts to analog for TV sets that accept only analog input. The box transforms digital broadcasts in standard definition (SD) and high definition (HD) to analog. (Source: encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com)

Analog Signal

July 21, 2012

See also: Digital Cable, Digital

CIMM DEFINITION: In telecommunications, analog refers to a transmission standard that uses variable frequencies and amplitudes of electrical impulses to emulate the audio waveform of sound. A traditional form of telecommunications transmission in a constant variable wave, rather than in packet-based (or digital) form. (Source: Definition currently under review by CableLabs)

2: An older version of a TV signal or the Set-Top Box that transmits programs in the lowest television definition in use today – 480i format. Data is transmitted only in one direction – to the household or viewers. There is usually no “back channel” or “return path” transmission where data or usage is transmitted back to the headend or operator.

3:  A continuous electronic signal that carries information in the form of a continuously variable waves unlike digital signals which are made up of discrete pulses. (Source: Nielsen)

4: Refers to the way cable broadcasts are transmitted directly from the television wall cable to the television.   It is one method by which television signals are transmitted since Low Power TV stations still transmit analog signals.

5: Type of cable signal that normally does not allow back channel.  With a  STB or DVR, return path data collection may become possible. (Source: TIVO)

NOTE – In addition to the lack of a return path, analog STBs provide no consistent mechanism for the download or execution of software, and thus cannot provide any interactivity, including IPGs and EBIF. (Source: FourthWall Media)   

NOTE – You can’t serve a household targeted ad via an analog signal. (Visible World)

NOTE – This definition is the definition of an analog STB not an analog signal, and it excludes the key relevant characteristic of an analog STB, namely it has fewer channels than a digital STB. (Source: TRA)

Anamorphic

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Describes the way 16:9 films are compressed to be shown on a 4:3 television screen with black bars on the top and bottom of the picture.

Animated GIF

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: An animation created by combining multiple GIF images in one file. The result is multiple images, displayed sequentially, giving the appearance of movement. (Source: IAB)

Anonymization

July 21, 2012

See also: Hashed ID, De-Identify

CIMM DEFINITION: A series of systems, processes and controls that remove personally identifiable data components from a data set  thereby eliminating or reducing the likelihood that certain characteristics or attributes, whether by themselves or in combination with other information, can be mapped to specific identifiable individuals.

NOTE – “Hashing and anonymization are not synonyms. Hashing is a form of anonymization which sometimes prevents tracking the same household from one day to the next, hence not providing reach/frequency metrics. Anonymization can be achieved with persistent anonymous ID codes where reach/frequency metrics are still available.” (Source: TRA)

Anonymization Tier

July 21, 2012

See also: Anonymization

CIMM DEFINITION:  In the process of collecting, decoding, aggregating, processing and reporting STB measurements, data may pass through multiple processing points, each of which may enforce a different level of anonymity and network access. For example, within a cable back-end a mapping between STB MAC address and subscriber information must be available for billing purposes, but network access at this level is severely restricted. This represents a low-level tier of anonymization. A processing point in a higher anonymization tier may have wider network access, but MAC address may be replaced by a unique but anonymous identifier, while billing information may be replaced by ZIP+4 or the like, providing greater anonymity. (Source: FourthWall Media)

Anonymizer

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: An intermediary which prevents Web sites from seeing a user‘s Internet Protocol (IP) address. (Source: IAB)

CIMM DEFINITION: An interface implemented by a software program in order to enable interaction with other software. Set-Top Box data processors use API to receive, process and output the data. (Source: Wikipedia)

2: Standard compliant web service interfaces. (Source: TRA)

Applet

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A small, self-contained software application that is most often used by browsers to automatically display animation and/or to perform database queries requested by the user. Applicable browser – any browser an ad will impact, regardless of whether it will play the ad. (Source: IAB)

CIMM DEFINITION: The company or organization that is responsible for the creation and distribution of the interactive programming which is delivered to the TV through the set-top. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, itv Metrics)

Application Interactions

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The interaction and collaboration of two or more application components sometimes spurred by a user’s input or action like the input of a PIN number. In the context of Set-Top Boxes, application interactions enable simultaneous data gathering and delivery of content (or other signals).

CIMM DEFINITION: Applications are software that enables a user to interact with and utilize such things as content or datasets. It is different from an operating system software which is underlying and makes a system run. Set-Top Box applications include the Interactive Program Guide (abbr INTERACTIVE PROGRAM GUIDE) with which a viewer can interact and use.

2: With the advent of EBIF two new classes of applications are available. Bound applications are embedded within a video signal and are launched (triggered) and terminated automatically. Unbound applications are those applications explicitly launched by a viewer via either a button on the Remote Control, a selection from an on-screen menu, a selection of an on-screen icon, or tuning to a virtual channel. Interactive advertising enhancements are implemented as bound EBIF applications —e.g., FourthWall’s AdWidgets. (Source: FourthWall Media)

Application Messaging

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Enables the ability to send a data or voice message (often via instant messaging or IM) wirelessly to a range of devices whether wireless or not.

CIMM DEFINITION: Software that wraps applications and encapsulates them from the underlying operating system so they become portable and compatible.

Apps

July 21, 2012

See also: Info Banner, Widgets

CIMM DEFINITION: An software program that is typically interactive and typically links to an on-screen icon but can also run on the STB with no user interface

2: Software applications, typically implemented in EBIF, that execute on a STB. (Source: FourthWall Media)

See also: Augmented Virtuality, Advanced Advertising

CIMM DEFINITION: The ability to combine video content with interactive features on the same screen so that it is interactive, real-time and is registered in 3D. Mixing reality with virtuality on the same screen.

2: Augmented Reality is closer to the real environment while Augmented Virtuality is closer to the virtual environment. (Source: Wikipedia)

NOTE – This is currently available in smartphones as an app. For example, standing in a subway station and seeing the station but then there is a virtual overlay of nearby restaurants, galleries etc.

CIMM DEFINITION: A TRA report. Builds on the data generated by TRA’s AME report by analyzing the advertising creative embedded within the programming. and various aspects of its audience retention performance.

CIMM DEFINITION: A major advertising research industry association  with a principal mission to improve the practice of advertising, marketing and media research in pursuit of more effective marketing and advertising communications. (Source: IAB)

Artifacting

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A compression technique that can be applied to any content whether an image, audio or video, that in the process, creates degradation because some of the data is discarded. Can sometimes lead to over compression.

2: The distortion that is introduced into audio or video by the compression algorithm (codec). Compressed images may have stray pixels that were not present in the original image. See codec. Aspect ratio – the width-to-height ratio of a picture or video frame. TV broadcasts at a 4:3 (1.33:1) aspect ratio; digital TV will be broadcast with a 16:9 (1.78:1) ratio; and most feature films are shot in at least a 1.85:1 ratio. IMUs have an aspect ratio of 6:5 (330x 250; 336 x 280; and 180 x 150). (Source: IAB)

As Run Logs

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The actual accurate record of programming and commercial schedules for each viewing network or entity.

2: Program and spot data representing the content that was actually aired rather than what was scheduled to air. (Source: TIVO)

As Scheduled Logs

July 21, 2012

See also: As Run Logs, As Seen Logs

CIMM DEFINITION: The planned record of programming and commercial schedules for each viewing network or entity created before the content airs.

As Seen Logs

July 21, 2012

See also: As Run Logs

CIMM DEFINITION : Another term for As Run Logs. Not individually identifiable.

2: “An accurate record of programming and commercials actually presented on at least one STB, as reported by EBIF applications embedded within (bound to) said programming and commercial content. Applies to both video content and any interactive enhancements.” (Source: FourthWall Media)

 

AS-03

July 21, 2012

See also: AS-03, MFX, Wrapper, Watermarking

CIMM DEFINITION: A MFX program delivery specification that is a form of unique watermark identification to define a master spot whose coding transcends platforms. AS-03 defines MFX files that are optimized for program delivery and intended for playout via a video server. (Source: http://www.amwa.tv/news/press/pr_20120414.shtml)

AS-12

July 21, 2012

See also: AS-03, MFX, Wrapper, Watermarking

CIMM DEFINITION: An addition to AS-03, it is a form of unique watermark coding that defines MFX files that are optimized for advertising delivery. It is a more automated form of ad identification coding. (Source: http://www.amwa.tv/news/press/pr_20120414.shtml)

CIMM DEFINITION: The signal that contains compressed content whether HD, SD or audio. It is the final product of digital compression.  (Source: Wikipedia)

 

Aspect Ratio

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The width-to- height ratio of the picture frame. TV broadcasts at a 4:3 (1.33:1) aspect ratio; digital TV is broadcast with a 16:9 (1.78:1) ratio; and most feature films are shot in at least a 1.85:1 ratio. (Source: itvt.com/glossary)

NOTE – HDTV also uses 16:9 aspect ratio. (Source: CableLabs)

Asset

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Content or ads in any form.

2: In VOD, assets are physical content. Typically referring to the movie file for On-Demand. Could also refer to the poster art or Barker videos. In dynamic VOD, there is a need to differentiate between ad asset (i.e. creative) and content asset (i.e. programming).

 

CIMM DEFINITION: The average second rating as it pertains to STB or household tuning. (Source: Nielsen)

NOTE – Tuning vs. Viewing? Tuning is a more accurate definition as there may or may not be someone viewing the TV. (Source: Visible World)

 

CIMM DEFINITION: The average second rating as it pertains to persons viewing. (Source: Nielsen)

 

Atmospheric Interference

July 21, 2012

See also: Jamming, Interference, Noise, Natural Interference

CIMM DEFINITION: A form of natural interference where disturbances beyond the atmosphere of earth disrupt signals and transmissions.

CIMM DEFINITION: An organization founded in 1983 to research and develop a television standard in the United States; An international organization of 200 members that is establishing voluntary technical standards for advanced television systems. (Source: CableLabs)

2: Developed a new set of standards for digital television to replace analog offering, among other things, much higher resolution.

3: Also used to refer to a platform’s inclusion of an ATSC tuner which allows reception of over-the-air (OTA) digital and HD channels. (Source: TIVO)

NOTE – ATSC is working on new standards AS03 and AS12 for binding metadata to assets using MXF wrapper technology.

 

CIMM DEFINITION: A commercial technology organization or “cross-industry alliance” formed by many different companies from the broadcast and cable networks, television transports, consumer electronics, and PC industries. The goal was to develop HTML-based protocols to promote the standardization of enhanced TV. Tools and other supportive technologies that were “ATVEF-compliant” enabled the creation and distribution of enhancements through the analog and digital signal. Representatives developed a technology specification that enabled broadcasters to send data (based on Internet standards) through the “Vertical Blanking Interval.” If the viewer’s Set-Top Box  had the proper software to receive and interpret ATVEF data, whatever was designed and sent would show up on the TV screen. That data might appear as raw data or complex interactive interfaces. This technology has been made somewhat obsolete by the deployment of digital Set-Top Box es. (Source: itvt.com/glossary)

Audience Composition

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The audience breakdown of aggregated, segmented characteristics, often reported as a percentage, based on such elements as age, gender, income, education, household characteristics etc.

2: The relation between average audience of a specific target and the average audience of the reference target (e.g. total households) with regard to the same daypart and channel. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

NOTE – Since current Set-Top Box data is delivered by different data providers and in different footprints, standard audience composition levels and even the overall audience may vary greatly across processors and providers. Issue of weighting.

 

Audio Watermarking

July 21, 2012

See also; Digital Watermarking, Watermarking, Signature, Fingerprinting, Video Watermarking

CIMM DEFINITION: A unique identifier that is embedding within an audio stream.

Audit

July 21, 2012

See also: Process Audit

CIMM DEFINITION: Third party validation of log activity and/or measurement process associated with Internet activity/advertising. Activity audits validate measurement counts. Process audits validate internal controls associated with measurement. (Source: IAB)

Auditor

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A third party independent organization that performs audits. (Source: IAB)

 

Augmented Virtuality

July 21, 2012

See also: Augmented Reality, Advanced Advertising

CIMM DEFINITION: Like Augmented Reality, Augmented Virtuality combines real video content with interactive features to make it more virtual. AV is further along the reality / virtuality continuum in that it is more to the point of virtual than to the point of real.

Authenticated Streaming

July 21, 2012

See also: Signature

CIMM DEFINITION: The insertion of a verification key into content that enables only those with permission (such as a subscriber) to access the content. This technology allows users to watch television programs on a second screen device such as a broadband connected computer or tablet on demand.

Note – Authenticated streaming is thought to reduce cord-cutting but could have impact for local stations where MVPDs could bypass local stations and go directly to viewers who will be able to watch what they want when they want on any connected laptop. (Source: www.poynter.org)

Authentication

July 21, 2012

See also: Multiple Authentication

CIMM DEFINITION: The ability to verify that a certain subscriber has purchased specific content so they can access and view purchased networks, programming or user services.

2: The process of verifying the claimed identity of an entity to another entity.

 

Authenticity

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The ability to ensure that the given information is without modification or forgery and was in fact produced by the entity that claims to have given the information.

 

Authorized Devices

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A piece of equipment or mechanism adapted for a certain purpose or functionality that also has user verification software or encoding. This allows a user with the authentication key to access certain proprietary or subscriber-locked content while protecting the device, the network and the content from security breaches.

CIMM DEFINITION: The use of automated video customization to create different versions of the same commercial to different viewers with the purpose of tailoring the message for a particular geographic, and/or viewer or household segment to enhance viewer relevance and advertising effectiveness. (Source: Visible World)

Note: SAG-AFTRA has already used a similar definition for potential changes to their talent compensation model (for new contract in 2012). (Source: Visible World)

 

Avatar

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A graphical representation of an individual in a game or other virtual world or environment. (Source: IAB)

See also: Rating

CIMM DEFINITION: The amount of viewing (expressed in thousands) on average, to a program, network, channel, ad, version or time period out of the universe or full population. Can be parsed to the lowest viewing increment whether second, 5 second, minute etc.

2: The average minute or second audience watching a channel, program or spot. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

NOTE – What is the accepted universe for certain viewer segments when Set-Top Box data is delivered by individual operators with specific regional footprints?

 

Average Audience Rating

July 21, 2012

See also: Rating

CIMM DEFINITION: The amount of viewing (expressed as a percent) on average, to a program, network, channel, ad, version or time period out of the universe or full population. Can be parsed to the lowest viewing increment whether second, 5 second, minute etc.

2: One of several different kinds of ratings used by Nielsen media research company. It reflects the average size of the audience on a minute-by-minute basis (average size at minute 1, minute 2, minute 3, and so on) throughout the length of a program. (Source: Answers.com)

NOTE – Weighting on averages: averages can be time-weighted or taken as a simple mean. (Source: TIVO)

Average Clicks

July 21, 2012

See also: Interactive Household Addressable TV Advertising, Average Exposures, Average Responses

CIMM DEFINITION: In the context of Interactive Household Addressable TV Advertising, the average number of times that an audience segment or advertiser defined consumer segment interacts with any given campaign, TV ad or version of a commercial. (Source: Visible World)

Average Exposure

July 21, 2012

See also: Household Addressable TV Advertising, Average Clicks, Average Exposures

CIMM DEFINITION: During any given campaign time frame, the average number of times that an audience segment or advertiser-defined consumer segment is exposed to any given campaign, TV ad or version of a commercial. (Source: Visible World)

Average Frequency

July 21, 2012

See also: Reach & Frequency

CIMM DEFINITION: The average number of times a viewer or household was exposed to a piece of content – whether program, network, ad or version – during a specific time frame.

2: Number of impressions received by the average household reached. The average number of times a household tuned to any part of any airing of any ad in the campaign. The average percentage of unique households watching ANY program in which ANY of the measured advertisements occurred. (Source: TRA)

NOTE – How much of a piece of content does the viewer need to consume before counting as an ‘impression’?  One second?  ten seconds?  etc.,  This issue should be flagged on every definition for Frequency, Reach, and Impressions. (Source: TIVO)

Average Frequency Clicks

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The average number of times a STB, viewer or household clicked on (interacted with) a specific interactive enhancement during a specific timeframe. (Source: FourthWall Media)

CIMM DEFINITION: The average number of times a STB, viewer or household was presented with a specific interactive enhancement during a specific timeframe. (Source: FourthWall Media)

CIMM DEFINITION: The average number of times a STB, viewer or household responded positively to an offer made in a specific interactive enhancement during a specific timeframe. (Source: FourthWall Media)

Average Item Reach (%)

July 21, 2012

See also: Reach & Frequency

CIMM DEFINITION: Total unduplicated reach of a single item (e.g. a channel program  spot or version) for a specific time period based on the underlying data. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

See also: Reach & Frequency

CIMM DEFINITION: Total unduplicated reach of a single item (e.g. channel, program,  spot or version) for a specified time period. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

Average Lead

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Average number of leads generated. Calculated by dividing total leads by the total number of sessions (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, itv Metrics)

Average Lead Rate

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The average number of leads that are generated for an interactive session. Calculated by dividing total leads by gross screen views. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, itv Metrics)

Average Loyalty (Daily)

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Average minutes viewed in a day divided by the total minutes available in the selected day(s). (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

See also: Reach & Frequency

CIMM DEFINITION: The average monthly number of unduplicated homes or impressions reached expressed as a percentage of the measured universe. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

2: The average of the monthly number of unduplicated impressions expressed as a percentage of the measured universe based a tuning minimum of 6 minutes. (Source: Nielsen)

See also: Reach & Frequency

CIMM DEFINITION: The average of the monthly number of unduplicated homes or impressions reached in thousands.

2: The average of the monthly number of unduplicated impressions based a tuning minimum of 6 minutes. (Source: Nielsen)

Average Program Audience

July 21, 2012

See also: Rating

CIMM DEFINITION: The average delivery (expressed in thousands) of Set-Top Boxes  or households out of the sample, footprint, census or universe that is attributed to a video, program, time period or daypart.

2: The average number of units or households attributed to a program. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

Average Response

July 21, 2012

See also: Average Exposures, Average Clicks, Interactive Household Addressable TV Advertising

CIMM DEFINITION: In the context of interactive household addressable TV advertising, the average number of responses generated by an audience segment or advertiser defined consumer segment during any given campaign, or by being exposed to any given TV ad or version of a commercial. (Source: Visible World)

See also: Rating

CIMM DEFINITION: The number of homes, STBs or people tuned to a commercial during the average second, expressed as a percentage of all homes, STBs or people within the sample or coverage area. (Source: Nielsen)

 

Average Second Rating

July 21, 2012

See also: Rating

CIMM DEFINITION: The number of homes, STBs or people tuned to a network or program during the average second expressed as a percentage of all homes, STBs or people within the sample or coverage area. (Source: Nielsen)

CIMM DEFINITION: The average daily seconds/minutes viewed among viewers that meet the user defined reach criteria. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

CIMM DEFINITION: The average daily seconds/minutes viewed among the universe that meet the user defined reach criteria. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

 

CIMM DEFINITION: The total minutes viewed divided by the number of viewing sessions that met the user defined reach criteria. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

CIMM DEFINITION: The average length of time a viewer is engaged with an interactive session. Calculated by dividing the gross session time spent by the total number of impressions. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, itv Metrics)

Average Time Spent

July 21, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The average of the aggregate time of all viewing in play mode; may be rounded to the nearest second. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, itv Metrics)

CIMM DEFINITION: In interactive measurement, it is the duration spent on a specific feature. (Source: Kantar Media Services)

 

CIMM DEFINITION: Duration spent on the overall interactive experience. (Source: Kantar Media Services)

 

CIMM DEFINITION: Duration spent on the overall interactive experience. (Source: Kantar Media Services)

 

Average Weekly Reach (%)

July 21, 2012

See also: Reach & Frequency

CIMM DEFINITION: The average of the weekly number of unduplicated impressions expressed as a percentage of the measured universe. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

See also: Reach & Frequency

CIMM DEFINITION:  The average of the weekly number of unduplicated impressions. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)