L

Lag

August 14, 2012

See also: Latency

CIMM DEFINITION: The delay between making an online request or command and receiving a response. (Source: IAB)

See also: Wide Area Network

CIMM DEFINITION: A computer network that spans a relatively small area. Most LANs are confined to a single building or group of buildings, however, one LAN can be connected to other LANs over any distance via telephone lines and radio waves. (Source: http://www.webopedia.com)

2: A group of computers connected together (a network) at one physical location. (Source: IAB)

Large Rectangle

August 14, 2012

See also: Interactive Marketing Unit

CIMM DEFINITION: An IMU size. (Source: IAB)

NOTE – The IAB‘s voluntary guidelines include seven Interactive Marketing Unit (IMU) ad formats; two vertical units and five large rectangular units.

Latency

July 25, 2012

See also: Ad Serving, Redirect

CIMM DEFINITION: The lag time that occurs in the physical distribution plant and some STBs when the box changes channels or uploads so that tuning event timing relative to the same content can occur in one home at a slightly different time than in another home. Can be as much as several seconds.

2: According to TIVO there are several types of Latency: 1. signal distribution Latency where there is a lag in transmission of the signal to the box, 2. channel change Latency which is the time between channel changes and 3. remote Latency when the remote is pressed and the action is logged. Stress loads on the Set-Top Box may impact length of Latency and logging. (Source: TIVO)

3: The amount of time it takes for content to appear on the TV screen once distributed by the Set-Top Box. The lag time that occurs in some boxes when the box changes channels or uploads, or clock slippage. Can be as much as several seconds. (Source: Nielsen)

4: The time it takes for a data packet to move across a network connection. (Source: IAB)

5: The visible delay between request and display of content and ad. (Source: IAB(

NOTE – How is this viewing ascribed, if at all? The standard here appears to be at 5 seconds but this could vary based on the operator and their platforms.

NOTE – Lag time as the box changes channels or uploads. From Weisler Mediapost article there is a comment from John Grono, GAP Research, Sydney Australia)

I would also like to caution analysis of data at the second-by-second level. There is considerable ‘drift’ in STB clocks, and of more importance there are Latency delays in broadcasts across platforms. Here in Australia on fiber-optic cable that Latency is around 8 seconds (the mode). Eight seconds out in a 15-second ad is an eternity! I would recommend some sort of content matching rather than time-based matching if this is an ongoing objective.”

NOTE – Channel change Latency can be affected by the Set-Top Box type, the middleware and resident application running on the Set-Top Box, the encoding of the channel being tuned to (e.g., HD, standard definition digital, analog, encrypted, non-encrypted), and the connection between Set-Top Box and TV (e.g., HDMI, RF, S-Video). Thus, Set-Top Box timing synchronization and editing rules for channel change gaps must be applied for each Set-Top Box individually.

NOTE – Second-by-second measurement is possible if the collection engine on the STB performs time synchronization and measures and collects Latency-related STB timing data, and collection servers apply appropriate editing rules. All times are then synchronized to the content times as they appear in the As Run Logs, regardless of the various distribution and STB latencies. (Source: FourthWall Media)

NOTE – Latency sometimes leads to the user leaving the site prior to the opportunity to see. In streaming media, latency can create stream degradation if it causes the packets, which must be received and played in order, to arrive out of order. (Source: IAB)

CIMM DEFINITION: Mobile data service related to an end user‘s immediate location. Examples include store or service locators and friend finders. (Source: IAB)

CIMM DEFINITION: Also known as a projection panel. A flat panel display, electronic visual display, or video display used in hardware such as computer monitors and television sets. LCDs use the light modulating properties of liquid crystals (LCs) that change reflectively but do not emit light directly.

Lead

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A lead is created when a prospective consumer in an iTV enabled Household (iTVHH) shows interest in a product or service by interacting with the asset or application on the television screen, by which authorizing the content owner to follow-up with the consumer with the offer. A lead is not a conversion, but could be the first step to conversion where applicable. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, itv Metrics)

Lead Count

August 14, 2012

See also: Final Response Count, Total Leads

CIMM DEFINITION: The number of leads that are generated from a single interactive application.

Lead Generation

August 14, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Fees advertisers pay to Internet advertising companies that refer qualified purchase inquiries (e.g., auto dealers which pay a fee in exchange for receiving a qualified purchase inquiry online) or provide consumer information (demographic, contact, and behavioral) where the consumer opts into being contacted by a marketer (email, postal, telephone, fax). These processes are priced on a performance basis (e.g., cost-per-action, -lead or -inquiry), and can include user applications (e.g., for a credit card), surveys, contests (e.g., sweepstakes) or registrations. (Source: IAB)

Lead-in Percentage

August 14, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The flow of audience (as a percentage) from one program (or video or other content) into another that follows sequentially.

2: The percent of Set-Top Boxes  that were tuned to the program during its first 90 seconds who were also tuned to at least 90 seconds of the previous program. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

NOTE – Different Latency and editing rules for each processor lead to vastly different results.

Lead-out Percentage

August 14, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The percent of inherited audience flow from the prior program or other content that followed sequentially.

2: The definition can be read as the audience that is inherited by the following program as opposed to the audience that remains at the conclusion of a program and is passed on to the next. (Source: Invidi)

NOTE – Different Latency rules.

CIMM DEFINITION: A telecommunications provider company divided into incumbent and competitive. Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier is the original carrier in a market or a footprint often once holding a monopoly on the service and subject to different regulations than CLECs. CLECs, competitive service providers, are newer providers that now compete with ILECs. (Source: Wikipedia)

Legacy Boxes

August 14, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Older versions of Set-Top Boxes with traditional functionality. Not state of the art.

2: Majority of the Set-Top Boxes currently in the consumers’ homes in the US. In the cable space in general, any Set-Top Box that’s not Tru2way enabled is a Legacy Box. (Source: FourthWall Media)

NOTE – Has less or different back channel data to collect. Inability to collect all the data you can collect on the older boxes.

NOTE – The households that still have legacy boxes are different from those with state of the art new boxes. May need to weight data for box type.

NOTE – FourthWall Media’s Event Stream Collector stores up to seven days of second-by-second measurement data on even the least capable legacy Set-Top Boxes, so no special treatment is required for any two-way legacy STB. Data is normally uploaded to the collection server daily, and the seven day cache is provided merely for fault-tolerance. (Source: FourthWall Media)

NOTE – What is the definition of older and what is the traditional functionality?  When does a box become a legacy box?  (Source: Invidi)

Length of Screen View

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Duration of display before subscriber navigates away or the content times out. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, itv Metrics)

Length-of-Tune

August 14, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The amount of time logged during a specific tuning event, often expressed as an average of all tuning event durations for a given network. (Source: Nielsen)

Letterbox

August 14, 2012

See also: Widescreen

CIMM DEFINITION: Letterbox is the term used when 16:9 content is viewed on a 4:3 screen. In order to display the widescreen content without distortion or missing parts of the picture, the television will place black bars at the top and bottom of the image.

Library

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Typically used to describe a listing of older titles / programming available to viewers On-Demand.

Library VOD

July 25, 2012

See also: VOD on MSO Library

CIMM DEFINITION: Measurement of VOD content that may or may not have identical linear commercials or may or may not have aired on linear TV.  To enable measurement, content must be encoded. (Source: Nielsen)

Light Carrier

August 14, 2012

See also: Carrier, Heavy Carrier, Common Carrier

CIMM DEFINITION: A carrier that leases its facilities rather than owns the network it uses to provide services.

See also: Logs

CIMM DEFINITION: The detailed schedule of the network or channel indicating which programs are airing at what time and for how long and what channel space that network occupies. Sometimes includes details like Ad Occurrences. Containing Network Carriage, Program Line-Ups and Ad Occurrences.

Linear Advertisement

July 25, 2012

See also: Linear Television

CIMM DEFINITION: Ads that are served and viewed in the program or video before during or after the program – whether real-time or playback but not served On-Demand. On the internet, these ads take up the full screen rather than running in a separate window.

Linear Channel Change Data

August 14, 2012

See also: Clickstream Data

CIMM DEFINITION: One type of measurement data collected from Set-Top Boxes  describing channel change activity and timing. It is one of the data types sometimes referred to as Clickstream Data. (Source: FourthWall Media)

Linear Television

August 14, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Programming content streamed in real-time, as scheduled by the network.

2: Standard broadcast television that is distributed as scheduled. (Source: Nielsen)

Linear Viewing

August 14, 2012

See also: Linear Television

CIMM DEFINITION: Viewing of programming or content in real-time, not delayed or played back.

NOTE – Is linear viewing the same as “live”? Opposite of On-Demand viewing.

Link

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A clickable connection between two Web sites. Formally referred to as a hyperlink. (Source: IAB)

Linkage

August 14, 2012

See also: Data Integration

CIMM DEFINITION: “Elements used to link disparate data for the purpose of integrating information i.e. TV tuning and purchasing behavior. Common linkages are MAC ID, name, address, ZIP code or segment.” (Source: Nielsen)

Linux

August 14, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Multi-user operating system used by many OCAP receiver manufacturers to execute their OCAP middleware implementations. (Source: IAB)

Listserv

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A mailing list comprised of e-mail addresses. (Source: IAB)

Listserver

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A program that automatically sends e-mail to a list of subscribers or listserv. (Source: IAB)

Live Capping

July 25, 2012

See also: Capping

CIMM DEFINITION: The agreed-upon time that measurement to a network or program is discontinued because the Set-Top Box is on but the television set is turned off during live viewing without any playback or other trick play included.

Live Viewing

July 25, 2012

See also: Trick Play

CIMM DEFINITION: Viewing levels without any trick play activity or viewership included.

2: Viewing at actual air time. Live viewing is defined as within five seconds of air time.  This definition is used because, once outside of the five second window fast forwarding is possible. (Source: TIVO)

See also: Geo-Fencing

CIMM DEFINITION: Sending people ads via their cell phone usually on a opt-in basis when the cell phone user is near a particular location.

Location Mapping

July 25, 2012

See also: Channel Mapping

CIMM DEFINITION: Location of Set-Top Boxes  and other devices throughout the home by the operator that map to the networks and services offered.

Locked

August 14, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Content and/or channels that have been restricted from viewing via activating Parental Controls. Icon / identifier to designate that a video has been locked, or an action icon to initiate a lock for a video.

Log file

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A file that records transactions that have occurred on the Web server. Some of the types of data which are collected are: date/time stamp, URL served, IP address of requestor, status code of request, user agent string, previous URL of requestor, etc. Use of the extended log file format is preferable. (Source: IAB)

Logging Viewing

August 14, 2012

See also: Snapshot Viewing

CIMM DEFINITION: A form of viewership tracking that actively trends viewing and tuning behavior over a period of time.

Login

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The identification or name used to access a computer, network or site. (Source: IAB)

See also: Line-ups

CIMM DEFINITION: The delivery format of line-ups.

2: Log(s) also used to refer to record of events from Set-Top Box. (Source: TIVO)

Long Tail Channel

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Long tail channels (or networks) are the smaller networks and content services offered via a content service provider. Often these networks are unmeasured by Nielsen but measurable by using Set-Top Box data and whose collective viewing may total close to a third of all viewing in a certain time period or daypart or market.

Lossless Compression

July 25, 2012

See also: Lossy, Compression Algorithm

CIMM DEFINITION: When a decompressed file is the exact same size as the original uncompressed file because no detail or content is lost in the compression-decompression process. (Source: www.businessdictionary.com)

Lossy Compression

July 25, 2012

See also: Lossless, Compression Algorithm

CIMM DEFINITION: A compression technique that does not decompress data back to 100% of the original. Lossy methods provide high degrees of compression and result in very small compressed files, but can result in a certain amount of loss when they are restored. (Source: www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia)

Note – Audio, video and some imaging applications can tolerate loss, and in many cases it may not be noticeable to the human ear or eye. In other cases, it may be noticeable, but not that critical to the application. The more tolerance for loss, the smaller the file can be compressed, and the faster the file can be transmitted over a network. Examples of lossy file formats are MP3, AAC, MPEG and JPEG

Lost Data

July 25, 2012

See also: Surfing

CIMM DEFINITION: Because of Latency, there may be some viewing or tuning data that is lost and not measurable during channel surfing and other viewer behaviors.

2: May also be caused by other issues beyond Latency (corrupt or empty records, etc). (Source: TIVO)

Loyalty Index

July 25, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Total seconds viewed out of total seconds available. (Source: Kantar Media Audiences)

NOTE – Does this include multiple instances?  Is  there a second term or measurement for repeat viewing? (Source: Invidi)

See CDMA, GSM

CIMM DEFINITION: An improvement on cell phone technology that enables significantly faster data rates for both uploading and downloading.

See also: LCD, Pixel

CIMM DEFINITION: An advancement in LCD screen technology that uses low temperature polysilicon rather than amorphous silicon resulting in a faster, more integrated and higher resolution screen. Pixels can be closer together to achieve greater screen resolutions and higher quality images to the human eye.