H

Hadoop

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Software framework that supports data intensive applications under a free license. It enables applications to work with thousands of nodes and petabytes of data. (Apache Hadoop – CIO Magazine)

Hard Paywall

July 24, 2012

See also: Paywall, Soft Paywall

CIMM DEFINITION: A paywall that allows minimal to no access to content without a subscription.

Harmonize The Data

July 24, 2012

See also: Data Cleansing, Scrubbing the Data, Normalize the Data

CIMM DEFINITION: The process of taking disparate data sets for different constituencies and blending them so as to be able to exchange and share results to all constituencies from one database. To form a uniform language for future dialog.

Hashed ID

July 24, 2012

See also: Anonymization, De-Identify

CIMM DEFINITION: The result of anonymizing MAC addresses or other identifying information about the household or Set-Top Box. Results in a STB identifier per each data record that cannot be matched back to the original household, viewer or Set-Top Box.

NOTE – In some cases hashing is carried out daily which destroys ability to do Reach / Frequency / Frequency Distribution / ROI reporting because there is no persistent anonymous household identifier in those cases. (Source:TRA)

CIMM DEFINITION: A technology that protects high value digital content such as films and television programs against unauthorized access or copying between a set-top box or DVR and a digital TV or computer.

CIMM DEFINITION: A specification that combines video and audio into a single digital interface for use with DVD players, digital television (DTV) players, Set-Top Boxes, and other audiovisual devices. The basis for HDMI is High Bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) and the core technology of Digital Visual Interface (DVI). HDCP is an Intel specification used to protect digital content transmitted and received by DVI-compliant displays. (Source: CableLabs)

2: The uncompressed audio and video digital connection standard that enables high definition.

See also: Assymetric DSL, Digital Subscriber Line, Symmetric DSL, Very High-Speed DSL

CIMM DEFINITION: A type of DSL that Transmits 2 Mbps bi-directional signals over one or two twisted copper pairs. HDSL is used in applications such as corporate Internetworking, video conferencing, and remote data center access. (Source: itvt.com/glossary)

NOTE – Often referred to as High Bit Rate Digital Subscriber Line.

CIMM DEFINITION: A television display technology that provides picture quality greater than that of traditional Standard Definition (SD) and digital sound similar to that of compact discs. (Source: Nielsen)

2: There are at least 18 different formats, but the ones most commonly in use are 1080i and 720p. CEA has established an icon which is used on HD monitors.  Consistent language is critical here as well as differentiating between true HD and other formats.

3: HDMI also allows STBs the ability to begin logging when television sets are on or off. (Source: TIVO)

4: A higher quality signal resolution using a digital format for the transmission and reception of TV signals. HDTV provides about five times more picture information (picture elements or pixels) than conventional television, creating clarity, wider aspect ratio, and digital quality sound. (Source: itvt.com/glossary)

NOTE – HD vs. SD measurement

NOTE – There are three definitions for HD content:  “Native HD” – refers to content filmed in HD, and does NOT apply to converted material; “True HD” — refers to content that is shot and mastered in HD, but may also apply to some converted material; and “HD” which applies to any kind of HD programming, including all converted content.

Headend

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The control center of a cable television system, where incoming signals are amplified, converted, processed and combined into a common cable along with any original cablecasting, for transmission to subscribers. The system usually includes antennas, preamplifiers, frequency converters, demodulators, modulators, processors and other related equipment. Or the central location on the cable network that is responsible for injecting broadcast video and other signals in the downstream direction. (Source: CableLabs)

2: The closest distribution point where a cable operator transmits content to their subscribers.

3: The electronic control center of a cable television system- generally located at the antenna site of CATV system. The headend takes incoming signals and amplifies, converts, processes, and combines them into a common coaxial or optical cable for transmission to cable subscribers. (Source: itvt.com/glossary)

4: The site in a cable system or broadband coaxial network where the programming originates and the distribution network starts. Signals are usually received off the air from satellites, microwave relays, or fiber-optic cables at the head end for distribution. (Source: IAB)

Heartbeat Records

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Systematic recurring reporting event used by engineers to tell if a Set-Top Box is functioning. The absence of a heartbeat record indicates that there is a problem with the box. (Source: Nielsen)

NOTE – Would this type of signal quality measurement help measure STBs that do not have backchannel?

NOTE – Not all STBs use Heartbeat Records. (Source: TIVO)

Heavy Carrier

July 24, 2012

See also: Carrier, Light Carrier, Common Carrier

CIMM DEFINITION: A facilities-based carrier, that is, one that owns the switching and transmission systems that comprise the network it uses to provide services to its customers.

Heavy Lifting

July 24, 2012

See also: Demodualization

CIMM DEFINITION: The process of turning an analog signal into a digital signal. This is what occurs on the receiving end of a transported signal. Heavy Lifting separates the constant carrier signal from the variable data signals. This is part of what a Modem does. Video and audio streams must be de-multiplexed before they are decoded (Source: itvdictionary.com)

Heuristic

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A way to measure a user’s unique identity. (Source: IAB)

NOTE – This measure uses deduction or inference based on a rule or algorithm which is valid for that server. For example, the combination of IP address and user agent can be used to identify a user in some cases. If a server receives a new request from the same client within 30 minutes, it is inferred that a new request comes from the same user and the time since the last page request was spent viewing the last page. Also referred to as an inference. (Source: IAB)

CIMM DEFINITION: A local cable TV or telephone distribution network. An HFC consists of fiber optic trunks ending at neighborhood nodes, with coaxial cable feeders and drop lines downstream of the nodes. (Source: itvt.com/glossary)

HH abbr Household

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Defined as the subscriber and his / her co-habitants at a single physical address where video service is being delivered. (Source: IAB)

2: An individual who has contracted with a MVPD to receive cable services. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, DAI Metrics)

Highly Targeted Networks

July 24, 2012

See also: Long Tail Channels

CIMM DEFINITION: A Rentrak term for Long Tail Channels which are smaller, often unmeasured-by-Nielsen networks. (Source: Rentrak)

History List

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A menu in a web browser which displays recently visited sites. The same mechanism makes it possible for servers to track where a browser was before visiting a particular site. (Source: IAB)

Hit

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The point at which users access a Web site and their computer sends a request to the site’s server to begin downloading a page. (Source: IAB)

NOTE – Each element of a requested page (including graphics, text, and interactive items) is recorded by the site’s Web server log file as a “hit.” If a page containing two graphics is accessed by a user, those hits will be recorded once for the page itself and once for each of the graphics. Webmasters use hits to measure their servers’ workload. Because page designs and visit patterns vary from site to site, the number of hits bears no relationship to the number of pages downloaded, and is therefore a poor guide for traffic measurement. (Source: IAB)

Home Page

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The page designated as the main point of entry of a Web site (or main page) or the starting point when a browser first connects to the Internet. (Source: IAB)

NOTE – Typically, it welcomes visitors and introduces the purpose of the site, or the organization sponsoring it, and then provides links to other pages within the site. (Source: IAB)

Hops

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: The excursion of a radio wave the earth to the ionosphere and back to the Earth. The number of hops indicates the number of reflections from the ionosphere. (Source: Wikipedia.org)

2: A similar excursion from an earth station to a communications satellite to another station, counted similarly except that if the return trip is not by satellite, then it’s only a half hop. (Source: Wikipedia.org)

3: A waveform transmitted for the duration of each relocation of the carrier frequency of a Frequency-hopping spread spectrum system. (Source: Wikipedia.org)

4: To modify a modulated waveform with constant center frequency so that it frequency hops. (Source: Wikipedia.org)

5: With routing a distance in terms of topology and of a length that may be not specified topographically, i.e. one hop is the step from one router to the next, on the path of a packet on any communications network (on the Internet often discovered with pings or traceroutes). The hop count then is the number of subsequent steps along the path from source to sink. The term “hop” can be seen in some networking based courses referred as “Hand Over Point” in routing terminology. (Source: Wikipedia.org)

Horizontal Projection

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Statistical restructuring of a dataset or sets into complete household estimates.

Host

July 24, 2012

See also: Server

CIMM DEFINITION: Any computer on a network that offers services or connectivity to other computers on the network. A host has an IP address associated with it. (Source: itvt.com/glossary)

2: Set-Top Box or receiver containing and executing the OpenCable Application Platform implementation. It is also host to the CableCARD device. (Source: IAB)

3: Any computer on a network that offers services or connectivity to other computers on the network. A host has an IP address associated with it. (Source: IAB)

Hot Spot

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Area of an ad that is clickable or is able to be interacted with. (Source: IAB)

Hotlists

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Pull-down or pop-up menus often displayed on browsers or search engines that contain new or popular sites. (Source: IAB)

House Ads

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Ads for a product or service from the same company. (Source: IAB)

See also: Addressable Advertising, Advanced Advertising

CIMM DEFINITION: “A form of Advanced and Addressable Advertising where a single ad placement can simultaneously feed different ads or versions of the same commercial to different households based on the attributes of the household. To protect consumer privacy, no viewing or personal information should be used in Household Addressable TV Advertising. Using a blind-match process, a trusted third party facilitates a linkage between the operator subscriber, advertiser and third-party databases, while removing any personally identifiable information (PII), to create a campaign targeting database that is rich in data to identify and construct target segments of households, while ensuring consumer privacy protection. As such, data used for Household Addressable TV Advertising follows best practices associated with consumer privacy protection in direct marketing campaigns.” (Source: Visible World)

Household Demographics

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Persons residing in a household. Often expressed as gender and within a standardized and generally accepted range of ages.

2: Ability to report VOD metrics by demographic characteristics, ex: age, gender, language, income, kids, etc. A demographic type associated with a particular household based on the geographical location of that household, as defined by vendors of demographic information. Future methodologies for identifying demographic characteristics beyond a zip code basis need to be developed in compliance with MVPD privacy policies. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, DAI Metrics)

Household ID

July 24, 2012

See also: MAC Address

CIMM DEFINITION: A unique code assigned to a household by the platform provider. (Source: Nielsen)

Household Identifier

July 24, 2012

See also: Identifier

CIMM DEFINITION: A unique, persistent, anonymous HH ID (such as an encrypted account number) to identify different households when calculating unique viewing metrics. It is specific to that household. The methodology for generating a Unique Household ID is subject to compliance with MVPD privacy policies. Future methodologies for ensuring uniqueness across MVPDs (i.e. no two HH IDs are the same) need to be developed. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, DAI Metrics)

Household Psychographics

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Ability to report metrics (such as VOD) by behavioral or lifestyle  characteristics such as Attitudes, Interests, Activities, Opinions, Behavioral patterns, Habits, Lifestyle, Perception, Hobbies. One method of ascertaining psychographic profile associated with a particular household is based on the geographical location of that household, often by zip code.  Future methodologies for identifying psychographic characteristics beyond a zip code basis need to be developed in compliance with MVPD privacy policies. (Source: CTAM Advanced Cable Solutions Consortium, DAI Metrics)

Household Rating

July 24, 2012

See also: Rating

CIMM DEFINITION: The percentage of homes or Set-Top Boxes tuned into a program, daypart, time period for a certain length of time out of all homes or Set-Top Boxes  in their respective universes whether in use at the time or not.

2: The percentage of Households within a sample or population or a census that is watching a program, or during a time period or an ad or any piece of content out of the measured population or census. (Source: Nielsen)

See also: Rating      

CIMM DEFINITION: The household rating for the selected target group (Source: TRA)

See also: Rating      

CIMM DEFINITION: The household rating for the entire population of households. (Source: TRA)

Household Rating Index

July 24, 2012

See also: Rating

CIMM DEFINITION: The ratio between the Household Rating of the selected target group and the Household Rating for the entire population of households. (Source: TRA)

HSD abbr High Speed Data

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Data that originate from broadband sources.

CIMM DEFINITION: Those consumers who have highly changeable purchasing patterns of behavior within a specific product category in which they buy heavily, indicating low brand loyalty in that category, and who have a propensity to sometimes switch brands, be motivated by advertising and marketing messages or other sales related messages or inducements.

2 . A term coined by TRA which is a combination of two consumer purchasing categorizations – heavy overall category purchase combined with occasional purchasers of the specific brand.

3: Heavy category purchasers who have bought a brand before, are the HSPs for that brand. For most mature packaged goods brands, HSPs are the ROI Driving Target for television advertising ROI. The reason is because advertising is a “light tap” that rarely causes someone who has never bought a mature CPG brand before, to suddenly buy it; instead, TV advertising does most of its incremental sales generation for mature CPG brands by getting homes that have already made it into a brand’s consideration set i.e. they have bought the brand before, to buy more of it than they would without advertising. HSPs are not simply ardent brand switchers. HSPs are specific to each brand, there is no such thing as e.g. soft drink HSPs or facial tissue HSPs i.e. HSPs are not a category level phenomenon but they are instead a brand level phenomenon. (Source: TRA, registered term)

See also: 3G, 4G, WIMAX

CIMM DEFINITION: A wireless broadband standard consisting of a group of high-speed 3G and 4G data services available to GSM carriers worldwide.

See also: SGML, XML

CIMM DEFINITION: A set of codes called markup tags in a plain text file that determine what information is retrieved and how it is rendered by a browser. There are two kinds of markup tags: anchor and format. Anchor tags determine what is retrieved, and format tags determine how it is rendered. Browsers receive HTML pages from the Internet and use the information to display text, graphics, links and other elements as they were intended by a Website‘s creator. (Source: IAB)

CIMM DEFINITION: The standard for exchanging files (text, graphics, and multimedia) on the World Wide Web. Or HTTP is the transport layer for HTML documents over the Internet Protocol (IP). (Source: CableLabs)

2: A server application that establishes a secure, encrypted connection to a server or web browser.

3: HTTP is the protocol that client and server computers use to transmit information over a bi-directional connection without interfering with each other. Typically, every HTTP transaction consists of a “request” for a specific file, web page, or other content sent from the client to the server, followed by a matching “response” from server back to client containing the requested content. HTTP is also the mechanism for EBIF applications to communicate with servers. (Source: FourthWall Media)

4: The format most commonly used to transfer documents on the World Wide Web. (Source: IAB)

Hub

July 24, 2012

See also: Headend 

CIMM DEFINITION: Device used to connect segments of a network. A hub offers bandwidth on demand to shared resources vs. being fixed to all accessible ports. A signal distribution point for part of an overall system. Larger cable systems are often served by multiple hub sites, with each hub in turn linked to the main headend with a transportation link such as fiber optics, coaxial supertrunk, or microwave. A hardware device that interconnects computers on a Local Area Network and acts as a central distribution point for the communications lines. (Source: CableLabs)

CIMM DEFINITION: In any universe, footprint or census, the number or percentage of homes using television at a certain time on the basis of a specific metric type e.g. average second. (Source: TRA)

2: A Nielsen term indicating how many television homes in the population, expressed in thousands or as a percentage, have their set turned on (in use) at a specific time or for a specific program.

Hybrid Cloud

July 24, 2012

See also: Cloud, Open Cloud, Closed Cloud

CIMM DEFINITION: A hybrid cloud is a composition of at least one private cloud and at least one public cloud. A hybrid cloud is typically offered in one of two ways: a vendor has a private cloud and forms a partnership with a public cloud provider, or a public cloud provider forms a partnership with a vendor that provides private cloud platforms. (Source: searchcloudcomputing.techtarget.com)

2. A cloud computing environment in which an organization provides and manages some resources in-house and has others provided externally. For example, an organization might use a public cloud service, such as Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) for archived data but continue to maintain in-house storage for operational customer data. Ideally, the hybrid approach allows a business to take advantage of the scalability and cost-effectiveness that a public cloud computing environment offers without exposing mission-critical applications and data to third-party vulnerabilities.  This type of hybrid cloud is also referred to as hybrid IT. (Source: searchcloudcomputing.techtarget.com)

Hybrid Pricing

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: A pricing model which is based on a combination of a CPM pricing model and a performance-based pricing model. (Source: IAB)

Hybrid STBs

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Hybrid set-top boxes are a new generation of advanced boxes that supports both traditional television content signals such as digital video broadcasting) and IP-based video from the internet. These boxes take on various forms such as Hybrid IPTV or OTT for example.

Hybrid TV

July 24, 2012

See also: Connected TV

CIMM DEFINITION: Like a Connected TV where the television set is able to receive internet content via a broadband signal in addition to the range of traditional station, broadcast and cable network signals.

Hyper Curation

July 24, 2012

See also: Curation

CIMM DEFINITION: A highly focused, niche-oriented form of content collection for a highly specific audience or interest, whether on a website, part of a blog, feed or other format or communications outlet.

Hyper Funding

July 24, 2012

See also: Crowd funding, Equity Crown Funding, Crowd Financing

CIMM DEFINITION: A term often used interchangeably with equity based funding it is the ability for many small investors and contributors to fund businesses, ideas, projects, campaigns etc often via the internet and receive an equity stake as part of their capital investment.

Hyperlink

July 24, 2012

See also: Link

CIMM DEFINITION: A link from a hypertext file or document, usually via a phrase, word or image that takes the user to another location or page on the internet.

2 : A clickable link such as on a Web page or within an e-mail, that sends the user to a new URL when activated. (Source: IAB)

Hypertext

July 24, 2012

CIMM DEFINITION: Any text that contains links connecting it with other text or files on the Internet. (Source: IAB)